How Long Until Cars Are Full Automation?
Posted on behalf of Rizk Law on Jan 17, 2019 in Legal News
Fully autonomous cars and trucks that drive us instead of us driving them will become a reality. These self-driving vehicles ultimately will integrate onto U.S. roadways by progressing through six levels of driver assistance technology advancements in the coming years. This includes everything from no automation (where a fully engaged driver is required at all times), to full autonomy (where an automated vehicle operates independently, without a human driver)..
How Far Have We Come?
1950 – 2000 Safety/Convenience Features Cruise Control Seat Belts Antilock Brakes Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the first step in the evolution Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the second step in the evolution. The arrow is a little less than halfway around the circle.
2000 – 2010 Advanced Safety Features Electronic Stability Control Blind Spot Detection Forward Collision Warning Lane Departure Warning
2010 – 2016 Advanced Driver Assistance Features Rearview Video Systems Automatic Emergency Braking Pedestrian Automatic Emergency Braking Rear Automatic Emergency Braking Rear Cross Traffic Alert Lane Centering Assist Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the third step in the evolution. The arrow is over halfway around the circle. Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the fourth step in the evolution.The arrow is three quarters of the way around the circle.
2016 – 2025 Partially Automated Safety Features Lane keeping assist Adaptive cruise control Traffic jam assist Self-park
2025+ Fully Automated Safety Features Highway autopilot Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the fifth era in the evolution. The arrow is all the way around the circle.
Will Automated Cars Be A Good Thing?
LEVELS OF AUTOMATION WHO DOES WHAT, WHEN
Level 0: The human driver does all the driving.
Level 1: An advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) on the vehicle can sometimes assist the human driver with either steering or braking/accelerating, but not both simultaneously.
Level 2: An advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) on the vehicle can itself actually control both steering and braking/accelerating simultaneously under some circumstances. The human driver must continue to pay full attention (“monitor the driving environment”) at all times and perform the rest of the driving task.
Level 3: An Automated Driving System (ADS) on the vehicle can itself perform all aspects of the driving task under some circumstances. In those circumstances, the human driver must be ready to take back control at any time when the ADS requests the human driver to do so. In all other circumstances, the human driver performs the driving task.
Level 4: An Automated Driving System (ADS) on the vehicle can itself perform all driving tasks and monitor the driving environment – essentially, do all the driving – in certain circumstances. The human need not pay attention in those circumstances.
Level 5: An Automated Driving System (ADS) on the vehicle can do all the driving in all circumstances. The human occupants are just passengers and need never be involved in driving.
The Possible Benefits Of Automation
Driver assistance technologies in today’s motor vehicles are already helping to save lives and prevent injuries.
A number of today’s new motor vehicles have technology that helps drivers avoid drifting into adjacent lanes or making unsafe lane changes, or that warns drivers of other vehicles behind them when they are backing up, or that brakes automatically if a vehicle ahead of them stops or slows suddenly, among other things. These and other safety technologies use a combination of hardware (sensors, cameras, and radar) and software to help vehicles identify certain safety risks so they can warn the driver to act to avoid a crash.
The continuing evolution of automotive technology aims to deliver even greater safety benefits and – one day – deliver Automated Driving Systems (ADS) that can handle the whole task of driving when we don’t want to or can’t do it ourselves.
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